Cancer of the uterus and ovaries are two types of cancer that affect the female reproductive system. Although these are two separate conditions, they can have similar symptoms and may require specialized treatment. Understanding the differences and symptoms associated with each is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, develops in the tissue lining the uterus, called the endometrium. It is one of the most common types of cancer in women. The main types of uterine cancer are:

  • Endometrial cancer: It develops in the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.
  • Atypical uterine cancer or uterine carcinosarcoma: It is rarer and develops in the muscular tissues of the uterus.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding: This can include bleeding between periods, heavy bleeding during menstruation, or bleeding after menopause.
  • Pelvic or abdominal pain: Persistent discomfort or pain in the pelvic or abdominal area can be a sign of uterine cancer.
  • Changes in urinary elimination: These include frequent or painful urination.
  • Changes in body weight: Unintentional weight loss or unexplained weight gain can be signs of uterine cancer.

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer develops in the tissues of the ovary or egg. It is less common than uterine cancer but is more deadly due to late diagnosis.

There are several types of ovarian cancer, and the most common ones are:

  • Epithelial ovarian cancer: It develops in the cells that line the outer surface of the ovary.
  • Stromal ovarian cancer: It affects the supporting tissues of the ovary.
  • Germ cell cancer: It develops from the egg cells themselves.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer:

  • Pelvic or abdominal pain: Persistent discomfort or pain in the pelvic or abdominal area.
  • Abdominal bloating: A feeling of fullness or swelling in the abdominal area can be a sign of ovarian cancer.
  • Changes in bowel movements: Constipation or other changes in bowel movements can occur with ovarian cancer.
  • Changes in menstrual cycle: Irregularities in menstruation or unusual bleeding between menstrual periods.

It is important to note that these symptoms can be caused by a variety of conditions, and their presence does not always mean cancer. However, if you experience these symptoms regularly or persistently, consult a doctor for proper evaluation and diagnosis.


Uterine cancer and ovarian cancer are serious conditions that can have significant consequences for a woman’s health. It is essential to be aware of the symptoms associated with these types of cancer and seek medical assistance if you notice any persistent changes or discomfort in the pelvic or abdominal area. Early diagnosis can significantly improve treatment and survival chances.